Tales of high adventure; some harrowing others sublime…
This is the timeline of RD’s life
“I come from a land of mist far away
Where age and gloom o’ershadow youth,
My spirit seeks only the mystic way,
My spirit worship’s intangible truth…“from Los Jardines Interiores (The Gardens Within) by Amado Nervo, photo provided by WordPress.com
Launching a lifetime “devoted to nurturance, not war…”
RD Lawrence’s journey from his idyllic early childhood on Spain’s Costa Brava in the 1920s to renown as Canada’s leading naturalist writer was marked by an intense period of stress and injury during his active involvement in the Spanish Civil War and World War II. This remarkable journey is described in his autobiographical 1994 memoir, The Green Trees Beyond.
The youngest of five children, Ronald Douglas Lawrence is born to a Spanish mother and a British father during a storm aboard ship in the Bay of Biscay (the family is returning to Europe from South Africa). He is christened aboard HMS Thunderer, a British warship in the harbor of Vigo, Spain.
Takes an unsupervised swim in the Mediterranean Sea at age five. Sees marine life for the first time. Begins to build the habits of observation and questioning that will see him through many adventures and discoveries as a field biologist and naturalist.
RD’s father, a journalist for Reuters news agency, moves the family from Arenys del Mar on the coast of Catalonia, to Barcelona. There he is educated by Jesuits and an English tutor. Explores Barcelona’s sewer system with Gallorte, his best friend.
During summer vacations, RD explores the countryside and marine life on the Mediterranean island of Majorca. Catches and studies small sharks. Begins to appreciate the complexity of ecosystems.
The Spanish civil war erupts. Aged 14, RD returns home from summer camp to find his family gone and their home ransacked. Enlists in the Republican militia as a private soldier under his mother’s maiden name. He and Gallorte lead troops through the sewer system to attack the fascists. Shoots his first enemy soldier, but Gallorte is killed. Serves as interpreter between the Republican politicians and British sympathizers.
Unit is deployed to Madrid. Receives head wound in firefight. Recuperates in Barcelona. Serves as interpreter for English-speaking volunteers arriving to fight the fascists. Cut off by fascists forces in area of Pyrenean Mountains, retreats across mountains into France, where he is interned with others. In October 1938, released and sent to England where he is reunited with his family. Continues schooling. Joins a regional paper as a cub reporter as part of a work-study program.
Serves as assistant photographer aboard the Queen Mary liner. Travels to New York for the first time.
Back in London at outbreak of World War II, RD lies about his age to enlist in the British Army. Deploys to France with an anti-aircraft unit as part of General Lord Gort’s British Expeditionary Force. Retreats to Dunkirk before advancing German forces, and is transported back to England on a coal barge.
Joining the Royal Armored Corps, RD sees combat in North Africa as a gunner inside American-made M3 tanks. Narrowly escapes with his life when his tank is knocked out. Promoted to sergeant, he receives a tank command. Endures hard fighting with the Eighth Army against Rommel’s Afrika Korps and Italian forces. Wounded by shrapnel in the left leg in June 1942, he convalesces with childhood friend Nick Hawkins in the Red Sea fishing for Sharks. In May, 1943, two days after defeat of the Afrika Korps, RD learns Nick has been killed.
Returns to England with his tank regiment to train for invasion of Normandy. RD is 21-years-old.
D-Day: Sword Beach — RD guides his tank to shore from a landing craft under fire and over the next two months fights his way to the Normandy town of Bayeaux. Leading a detachment of three tanks, his tank is knocked out by German antitank guns. Although the sole survivor of the vehicle, he is badly wounded by subsequent mortar shrapnel. Flown to England, surgeons contemplate amputation of his right leg. Operation to remove shrapnel is deemed successful, but two slivers of shrapnel are left behind and remain in his spine and shoulder for the rest of his life.
From “Babblespeak” to the Backcountry…
Invalided from the Army, RD writes for a local newspaper. Following the Japanese surrender, enters Cambridge University to study biology. Concludes ‘life’ cannot be defined but could be characterized. Writes final thesis on the stickleback fish in plain English, shunning the university’s preference for ‘babblespeak.’ His professor applauds the paper for content but demands it be ‘properly rewritten in a scientific way.’ Believing the scientific approach elitist and incomprehensible to the layman, RD leaves academia without his degree.
In September, 1949, RD returns to Spain and bumps into a former sergeant in his old Republican unit who is still fighting Franco’s government. Accompanies a guerrilla raid on a bank as an observer. The killing of five security guards sickens him, and he realizes the guerrillas’ cause is futile. He mails an account of the raid to the London Daily Mirror.
In Barcelona, becomes engaged to Shirley, the daughter of an English engineer. They marry in England, where RD works as an interpreter for a shipping firm. Joins the Daily Mail as a foreign correspondent, and covers events in southern Africa. A son, Simon, is born.
Frustrated by routine, and yearning for a more natural life, RD sails in June for Canada in advance of the family’s immigration. Works for the Toronto Daily Star. In December, leaves in search of affordable homestead land in Ontario. Along the old Trans-Canada Highway, he encounters temperatures as low as –20 C (–4 F), but feels a kindred spirit for the wilderness and its people.
In late January and early February, has two close encounters with Wolves while logging spruce near his homestead in the region of Fort Frances, Ontario. Is “filled with the desire to study those hauntingly fascinating animals,” but also to continue his biological studies as a ‘generalist’.
Acquires sled dogs Susie, Sooner, Rocky and the wolf-dog Yukon.
Wife Shirley and Simon join RD. Daughter Alison is born. Shirley and children return to England – the marriage over.
RD spends 14 months in the wilderness of British Columbia with Yukon. See The North Runner.
Becomes science reporter for the Winnipeg Tribune. There he meets librarian Joan Frances Gray. Later joins the Winnipeg Free Press.
As foreign correspondent for the Toronto Telegram, RD reports from central Africa. On his return marries Joan, who is now working in Toronto. On weekends, they maintain a wilderness property north of the city where RD studies the local wolf pack. See The Place in The Forest.
Buys North Star Farm, 350 acres of mostly wilderness, where RD and Joan care for a menagerie of orphaned and abandoned animals. See The Zoo That Never Was RD works as publisher of a weekly newspaper owned by the Toronto Telegram.
1966 Wildlife in Canada, his first book, is released. He writes 30 more books over a 30 year period, with the last, Owls, the Silent Fliers, published in 1997. Though readers debate and defend their personal favorites, Wikipedia lists Cry Wild (1970) as Lawrence’s most popular book. One of his rare works of fiction, its 1991 reprint sold 1.5 million copies in three months.
In Praise of Wolves … and all things wild and wonderful
Returns to Ontario. Eventually meets and marries Sharon Janet Frise, a Toronto kindergarten teacher. Begins writing books full-time in Toronto, at Sharon’s cabin on Gibson Lake, and in the Yukon Territory where Sharon teaches kindergarten for a year. On their return to Ontario, RD continues his field studies observing aquatic ecosystems, including the beaver inhabiting Gibson River. Writes and publishes Paddy, a naturalist’s true tale of raising an orphaned beaver.
RD and Sharon buy a 100-acre property in Ontario’s Haliburton Highlands. On a trip to British Columbia and the Yukon Territory to monitor the government-sponsored wolf kills, they rescue and rehabilitate two tiny wolf pups, which they name Tundra and Taiga. See In Praise of Wolves. There begins two decades of wildlife rehabilitation, including nine more wolves, among them Alba, Silva, Leda, Numa, Shasta, Alberta and Brigit.
In 1993, RD is instrumental in helping establish the Haliburton Forest Wolf Centre in Central Ontario with a captive wolf pack from Michigan. The Centre’s continuing mandate is research and education.
November: RD dies from Alzheimer’s Disease. He leaves six books unfinished.